Advertising For Results – Gathering Information

The blank screen
You have an advertising assignment of some sort. If you’re sitting with a blank computer screen and struggling about what to do, stop. There’s a better way.

Gathering
To start with, forget that daunting assignment for a while. Instead, gather facts that will interest and inform your audience. And hey, take it easy. This gathering process won’t stress you at all. Rather than grappling for the right words, you can turn the radio on, muse about good things, and — oh, yeah — collect information.

Best of all, fact-finding is the right thing to do at this stage. Ultimately, delivering advantages to the audience will produce more than pulling everything out of your head…or somewhere else.

FYI: Gathering is seen as a low-level chore, but that’s not true. Getting the nitty-gritty…
* Makes you knowledgeable, and this is essential to success
* Could give you the right strategy, appeal, idea — everything

The makings of a wonder-worker
You’re probably told to generate stunning results on a small budget. And do it instantly. It’s tempting to quit before you start. You think, “Nobody else has been able to advertise this product right. And now they want me to pull off a miracle in two months!”

On the contrary: You can put everything on the right course. You can deliver solid advertising that pulls in more responses, builds the image, and does more over the long term. But there are few miracles in the process. You have to mastermind and follow a creative advertising program that changes with necessity.

Where you are gathering from
In the dream world, you have researchers giving you jaw-dropping data about whatever you want. Needless to say, you can forget that. In the real world, it’s you, a pile of old product literature, some Websites, and a five-day deadline. But that’s fine. You’re a resourceful person, so you’ll rapidly uncover useful points that will help you create spellbinding ads.

Look through past company materials
This is the pile just mentioned, and it’s a tiptop source for product specifics. Cut and paste-like crazy. Place “features” into one group, “specifications” into another, “company background” into yet another, etc. Put together similar items, and if that group gets large, it will be worth considering. You’ll think of a category name for it.

In short, you tear apart the old, examine it, and reconstruct it the right way.

Notable: There are content experts in your organization. Don’t ask them to tell you everything you need, because they are too busy and valuable for that. Rather, ask them if they have any documentation you can read. They will say, “Sure!” and pile you up.

History of past campaigns
Your company’s previous marketing campaigns will help you a lot. Dig into the files of every significant marketing effort that took place within the last couple of years. Also, talk with those who were there. You can even contact former employees because everyone remembers how well a campaign performed. They will be happy to help you, and they can lead you through the minefields.

When you look at an old campaign, you’re interested in the main points. For example: Who was getting it? What was the message? What was the outcome? Campaigns rise or fall for profound reasons, not small ones.

What are you looking for?
Do you want anything interesting? This includes stuff that is relevant to the…
* Product’s
* Value
* Features
* Benefits

* Market’s
* Needs
* Characteristics

Keep theorizing as you go
Don’t reserve your judgment until the end of the collecting process. Keep thinking about what ad to create (this is what you’re ultimately doing, by the way) as you sift through the piles of everything. Modify your assessments as you learn more.

Understanding the un-understandable
Let’s say you’re reading gobbledygook technical literature, and you have to get features and benefits out of it. If the text is in English (as opposed to chemical formulas, numeric tables, or other confusers), there has to be something you can glean.
* Go word by word if you must.
* Go into your online dictionary and look up words.

There’s always a process, and it’s usually logical. Here are two examples of procedures you can look for:
Something goes into the product. That something is changed. And something else comes out.
The service they provide has a beginning, middle, and end to it.

You won’t figure everything out, but you’ll advance in the assignment. Then, when you talk with a content expert, you can say, “I learned the product does ABC. What I don’t get is XYZ. Could you explain XYZ to me?” She’ll likely respond, “That’s a good question,” or, “We ask that question ourselves.” You arrived!

Also: When you learn many complex particulars, be happy. Few others will want to get as far as you.

Competitive materials
Your competition will give you a treasure trove of information, so invest a lot of time at their public Websites. To the smallest detail, you want to know what their product has and yours hasn’t, and vice versa. Put together side-by-side comparisons of features and benefits.

Right now, let’s talk about their public marketing materials. Review them, and you’ll start learning about what you should and shouldn’t advertise. It gets down to the basics: If the competing product has more standard features than yours, you won’t say, “We have the most standard features.”

Try out the product
Use it. You’ll add a new dimension to your thinking, and that could make all the difference.

Research
Embrace any advertising research you get, because you can learn a ton. It’s hard to say enough about the importance of research since it can tell you all kinds of things that otherwise might never occur to you.

Statistics reveal the future
Statistics can be a tremendous help to you because they clue you in on what is going to happen (maybe). Pay little attention to those who pay little attention to statistics. View the data and get the drift.

This means we need to look at data in big-picture ways.

* Example 1: There is not much difference between a 40% result and a 50% result. For your purposes, they are about equal.
* Example 2: If the statistic says 10% of people do something, the real amount is probably not far off from that. Like, it’s not 80%. So, you know more than you did without the statistic.

Surveying surveys
You uncovered a survey. That’s cool because it will tell you a lot! Now you can learn something. You should check out…
1. Who is giving the survey? That is the least crucial.
2. Who is being surveyed? That is more crucial.
3. What are they surveyed about? That is most crucial.

More on each of these:

Who is giving the survey? Don’t get sidelined by this. Thousands of studies are conducted by industry publications — not by independent testing labs in Iowa. Most publication surveys are ultimately geared to promote their magazine or Web-based information source, but be happy. Their reports are straightforward. Also, you’re examining narrow slices of your market, and they’re probably won’t be other free data. Also, their reports are 99% straightforward. You should learn about the market…
* Characteristics
* Interest
* Trends in the market
* Trends
* Size

You can easily spot the questions put into the hype of the publication. For example: “If you had a daily news e-mail that delivered immediate news about hot topics critical to your success, would you read it?” And 92% said yes! Who is being surveyed is basic. You would like people who match your market’s profile or have some relation to what you’re doing. What they are surveyed about is what you care about! As long as the questions don’t raise their defenses, people will give introspective answers. And you’ll be clued in.

Judgment over research
Unfortunately, coworker Notman Agingit gloms onto data because it’s data. “It’s obvious what we should do,” he says. “Because the research tells us.” He turns his mind off and lets a study manage the campaign.

Don’t do this! The research data should only be your assistant. The real star is…(drum roll)…Your Insightful Mind.

What’s in your head is almost always best. For example, if your product is sold in extended care facilities, imagine being in an extended care facility. How would it be to live there? To work there? Rely on what you think up far more than what the research tells you.

It’s not easy to make your case
When you put the most trust in your insights (that’s what we did in the last subsection), some people won’t understand. And it can be a trialing experience.

Attorney: In your ad, why did you tell the market what you did?
You: It was a feeling I had.
Attorney: A feeling. So, none of your potential customers said this is what they wanted?
You: No one, no.
Attorney: Indeed, according to this focus group report, prospects were telling you something completely different from what you decided to do. Isn’t that true?
You: Yes, but I didn’t think the people in the focus group were expressing their true feelings. I still don’t.
Loud court murmur.

In short, your job isn’t to rubber stamp “OK” to what the research says. The factor that data into your perceptive decision.

Go with the odds, not the oddballs
Let’s say you’re assigned to market fabric to consumers, and you know little about cloth. You can at least think, “Lots more women will buy this fabric than men.” It’s beyond dispute.

Despite this, coworker Solex Ample says, “My Uncle Lircaw buys a lot of fabric, so I think we should market to men as well.” Hmph. Lex, your uncle is an exception, and you shouldn’t let his situation dominate your judgment.

If Solex presses the issue, ask him this: “What do you think is the percentage of men who buy fabric?” Solex might respond, “I have no idea. Maybe we should do a study. Sol, there’s no time for that! The fact is: You’re paid to make strong assessments when you have scant information. So, please: Use some common sense now.

Above all, don’t let screwball opinions stop your progress. It’s serious. If you follow people who have zero marketing sense, the advertising will fail.

Market research vs. time
Performing lots of research can put you into a difficult situation because three critical months are spent studying, and there are no responses (a.k.a. leads, replies, orders, inquiries) coming in. You can’t say you have the answer because you don’t. Instead, you need to let the market begin telling you the answers.

Inside
Talk with coworkers
They’re all around you and they know a lot. It’s time to get some sage advice from them.

Be humble in your pursuit
A detective doesn’t claim to have the case solved before she comes on the scene, and you shouldn’t either. So, never act like the #1 Advertising Guru. Say this instead: “I don’t have all the answers now. I only have questions. We won’t know for a while.”

Relatedly, it may be tempting to isolate yourself in this process…to give this impression: “I’m the brooding genius — don’t bother me.” However, it’s a smarter genius who brings coworkers into the process. Two reasons (aside from the usual ones):

Coworkers help you cut through the bull.
Coworkers get complaints about marketing off their chests. You’ll hear them say, “If you ask me, we don’t do enough…” And, “We’ve been doing that the wrong way.” Take their thoughts seriously.

Setup for the interview

Who, what, when, where, why, and how
Also known as 5Ws&H, these question words put you on the fast track to getting information. You want to know who the market is, what the product does, when people buy, etc.

5Ws&H help you every time. Let’s say one of the content experts has time to answer your questions…but you haven’t written any. No panic. Simply jot on your yellow notepad, “who, what, etc.” The questions will start jumping out of you: “Who, in your view, is this product for?” Then enjoy the learning experience.

Lotsa notes
When your content expert dives deep into the subject, you could space out (OK, you will space out) and lose track of the discussion. Taking voluminous notes won’t keep your mind from wandering, but it gives you something to reference when the expert finishes and awaits the next question. “Oh!” you awaken and exclaim. You glance look at your notes, then read-and-repeat what he last said. Simultaneously, another question comes to you. You’re saved.

Short point: Learn how to write quickly/illegibly, because you’ll pick up more facts. Type up your notes right after the meeting, and your memory will fill in the unreadable spots.

Ask dumb questions. Really
A content expert will speak about something for 30 minutes. Then you’ll ask, “I’m sure I should know this, but what is that [basic item] you spoke about?” Watch his mouth drop to the floor. He says with his eyes, “We all know that! How could you be in this organization and not know that?”

Oh, well. Some believe you have to know everything before you can learn anything. This is wrong, of course. You’re putting together a jigsaw puzzle, and you’ll start to get the picture before some essential sections are together. You ask basic questions to help complete the image.

Relatedly, if you spend your time trying to impress the experts, 1) you won’t learn anything, 2) you won’t impress them, and 3) you won’t turn out valuable ads. Ask whatever you think will shed light, and let people wonder how a confused marketer gets such awesome results.

Still, you should not say, “I never understand what they’re talking about around here!” That’s inviting trouble, because you’re really saying, “I’m ignorant and I think it’s funny.” This won’t help you. Instead, when cornered on the “how much do you know?” question, here is your reply: “I’m always learning around here.” Nobody would respond, “I’m not learning. I know everything already.”

Question obscure terms
Oodles of terms used within an industry (a.k.a. lingo) find their way into the marketing literature, but you don’t know if your market knows them. So, for example, you ask coworkers: “Is our audience familiar with Luddism?” About 20% of the time you’ll discover that your market isn’t familiar, and it’s good you checked.

Managing the interview
You’ll learn bunches from your interviews with content experts. However, unless you’re steering the conversation correctly, it can bog down with discussions that have little to do with your goal.

Oh, and here is the goal: To discover pertinent details — stuff that will attract the market.

This is what you do: While the expert is speaking, filter it silently. Ask yourself, “Does my market care about what this expert is saying?” If the answer is no, think: “What would my market care about?” Then steer the conversation in that direction. In other words, ask questions that help you understand how and why this product is right for the market.

What understanding did you get?
Well?

The hidden drama

A heckuva lot goes into your product. There are little-known fascinatingnesses in the…

* Thought behind it
* Battle for it
* Design of it
* Components in it
* Manufacturer of it
* Quality control with it

Content experts know the tiny details. Therefore, inquire of the expert: “What are some interesting things that few people know about the product?”

Talk with salespeople
Many inside scoops come from the sales department. These folks work on the front lines every day, and they will give you mind-boggling information about what moves buyers.

For example, A statistic tells you that 35% of your product purchases are in California. That’s fine…but why so much? You ask a salesperson and she replies, “There’s a lot of military in California.” Interesting. Maybe you could do something with this in the advertising.

Learning outside the company

Talk with prospects
To learn about the prospects, speak to them. Sounds obvious? Sure, but some marketers find it too bothersome to talk with prospects. They’d rather conclude inane TV shows that satirize, romanticize, or characterize the prospects. (As a rule of thumb, TV presents the wrong perspective of every group.) In short, some creative people don’t want to learn what is beyond their remote controls.

There is no reason for this because interviewing prospects is easy. Contact a potential customer and ask open-ended questions, like, “What are you looking for?” Write down his words verbatim. He will give you new perspectives, and it will only cost some e-mails and phone calls.

Contact experts from your past
Let’s say you have a new writing assignment, and you need to know a lot about the chemical elements…like Au and the H and O from H2O. Since you barely got through chemistry in high school, you aren’t going to rely on your own knowledge.

Solution: Go out to Websites about your subject (not the corporate sites, but the “I’m so wild about chemistry I built this site” sites). Send out five can you help me? e-mails to the sites’ gurus and you should get two replies. You’ll learn what you need to know without rummaging through piles of research books. And you’ll make a great new online friend.

Reference excellent work
The CIA’s tactics are secret, making it difficult for competing intelligence operations to learn them. However, you can see terrific advertising tactics by looking at magazines, Websites, TV commercials, and direct mail pieces. Let that outstanding output inspire you.

Challenge: Be at least as good as the best.

Also: If you were expecting a little ha-ha line about the CIA, sorry. This book is too chicken.

Can’t keep gathering

The gathering is splendid. But it has to end now because everyone is waiting for you to make accomplishments.
Solutions need to fly out of you, because…

* Long research hours aren’t budgeted
* The deadline is approaching
* The facts you collect become repetitive
* There are other assignments

Everything will fall apart if you hesitate at any point in this process. The responses won’t come in, the salespeople won’t have materials, and the organization will lose confidence in you. Yu dunt wants this.

Advice: Work so fast that coworkers say you hit the ground running on the advertising assignment, and it’s well on the way. This will avoid doubts and other unhappiness.

Profiling those who delay
For gosh sake, don’t be like those who walk around the project. They drag their feet and then blame everyone else when deadlines are missed.
* Don’t call meetings two weeks out and wait to act until then. Instead, set up a quick teleconference.
* Don’t say you must hold on to ad creation until the new product is complete. Get started and fill in the blanks later.
* Don’t set up on-site research at some remote place. Wing it.

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